Temporo-Mandibular Disorder (TMD) Syndrome
What is TMD Syndrome?
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and muscle disorders, commonly called “TMD,” are a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and the muscles that control jaw movement. Common signs include severe clenching and grinding of the teeth, severe tooth wear, chronic migraines/headaches, clicking jaw joints, tinnitus, jaw muscle spasms, etc. TMD is also often seen in patients who wear dentures, or whose bite has collapsed.
A splint appliance can be made to allow muscles in spasm to relax & protect the teeth and jaws from the adverse effects of grinding and clenching. In certain cases, TMD therapy must include treatment modalities from various health disciplines. TMD therapy is the first phase of treatment, which in most cases require a second and sometimes third phase of treatment as your bite does change after your jaw joints have settled into a “neutral position”.
TMD therapy time differs from individual to individual, dependent on how your symptoms improve. However, treatment may be anything from 6-12 months. After TMD therapy is complete, and you are symptom free, further assessment is required to plan how your new bite can be stabilized. This may involve orthodontic treatment or full prosthodontic rehabilitation with crowns, bridges, or dentures.
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